the bridge of the nose.
2. Above the ear:
It was with a jab of the elbow to this spot, located just above the ears, that the famous Thai boxer Phromin Nawarat brought down
which has brought down many boxers– both Thai and international style – disaster. World Heavyweight Champion Muhammed Ali, or Cassius Clay, lost to the no-name Ken Norton because of a punch to the jaw. As for Thai boxers, on April 28, 1951 Prayudh Udomsak asked for a return match with Somdech Yontrakij. But Prayudh was KO’d in the last round by a lighting left to the jaw. Then, on September 4, 1953, at Rajadamnoen Boxing Stadiumm thaweechai Daenphanaa, whose fighting name was “Fierce Little Water Buffalo”, was knocked down for the count in the first round by Khunsueknoi Saw Bankhawlaem, who got him with a straight right to the jaw.
The best ways of hitting an opponent in the jaw include a high kick downward to the jaw, a backward elbow
jab to the jaw, delivered when the opponent’s guard is down, or a hook, swing or straight punch.
This point, roughly the area covered by the upper lip, is a prime spot for the boxer looking to knock out his opponent. Besides being a vulnerable spot from the point of view of the nervous system, like all points close to the nose, when struck it causes tears to flow, weakening the opponent.
5. The point of the chin:
Blows to this universally – known spot have been responsible for the defeat of many famous Thai boxers. Surachai Luksurin delivered a right to the chin of “The Jade Doll”, Kaarawek Saw Petchnoi and knocked him out. Prayudh Saw Udomsak took a lightning left to the chin from Somdech Yontrakich and went down for the count in the second round, and there are many other examples.
The chin can be reached with a jumping knee kick a “floating” knee kick (the left foot is raised from the ground first, then the right knee kicked up powerfully to the opponents chin so that the entire body leaves the ground), or with an elbow jab, as Phudphaadnoi Worawth did when he won over Huatrai Sitthi-boonlert, at a point when no one thought he had the remotest chance of winning.
6. Adam’s Apple:
Besides being a vulnerable point which can disable an opponent if struck, the Adam’s Apple has another characteristic which makes it a useful target for the Thai boxer. The body has developed a reflexive mechanism for protecting this area the chin comes down automatically to cover it when it is threatened. Therefore, a punch aimed at it can easily become a knockout punch to the chin.
7. The Clavicle:
This bone is brittle and easily broken, a fact which should always be kept in mind by the boxer. If it is broken, the shoulder will sag, as happened to the Thai boxer Chatraphetch Kiatkawkeo during his match with Kumanthong Lukprabaat on January 23 1978.
8. The Armpit:
Failure to guard the armpits during a match can lead to defeat. A strong upward kick into the armpit can tear the shoulder tendons and ligaments and badly dislocate it.
9. The Solar Plexus:
Although this is not a point to which a single blow can bring a boxer down, repeated punches to the solar plexus can have a powerfully debilitating effect. Nikhom Knongphajon, “The Black Kangaroo of Mahasarakham”, connected with floating knee kicks to the solar plexus of Saamphop Phongsing three times, finally knocking him out during their match at Rajadamnoen Stadium.
Since this point lies near the heart, it is especially dangerous. If it is hit very hard, ribs can be broken and driven into the heart, resulting in death.
10. Floating Ribs:
The bottom ribs on both sides of the body are very fragile and easily broken, and are called floating ribs. If they are struck, whether by a kick with foot, a knee kick down from above, or a swinging knee kick around from the side, the result will be debilitating pain for the opponent. If the boxer delivering the blow kicks the floating ribs repeatedly, they may fracture.
11. The Abdomen:
Another extremely vulnerable area which, if struck, can have a powerfully destructive effect.
12. The Groin:
Even a light blow to this area can dangerously weaken a boxer. In the old days, 80 years or so ago, when fists were still bound with twine and no groin-guards were used, Thai boxers also fought without hard shields on the groin, and wore only kapok-stuffed triangular cushions under loin cloths. Subsequently, the great Thai boxing teacher Ae Muangdee introduced the use of metal shields from Singapore to be worn over the groin, so that it was safe even from hard kicks delivered with the foot or knee. In the opinion of the writer, anyone who is not prepared to protect this part of the body should not be a Thai boxer at all.
13. The Inner Wrist:
This point can be dangerous both in delivering and receiving blows. In delivering a punch, if it is not done correctly, the wrist can be dislocated. Receiving a kick on the wrist can also dislocate it.
14. The Shins:
It can be said that the shins are among the strongest parts of the body, but at the same time they are dangerously vulnerable. The bone at the center point on the front of the shins (as shown on the photograph) is brittle and easily fractured. A powerful blow to the shins can break them, as happened to inseelek Sitkriangkrai in his bout with Rungsiam Saw Walaiphawn. He kicked Rungsiam, who lifted his leg to take the kick with his shins. The impact against Rungsiam’s shins broke those of Inseelek.
Also a danger spot. If the tendon is hit had and damaged, the sole of the foot or ankle can be injured.
16. The Base of the Cerebellum:
One of the most dangerously vulnerable of all the “lethal points”. A blow to the base of the cerebellum can cause instant unconsciousness. The neck should also be protected at all costs: repeated blows to it can lead to nervous disorders including sight loss or even blindness.
17. The Upper Back:
One of the danger spots on the back part of the body; vulnerable because of the many nerves it contains.
18. The Kidneys:
A blow to the kidney can be very painful and cause dangerous injuries.
19. The Coccyx:
or blows to this point at the base of the back can put a boxer out of action.
20. The Hollow of the Knee:
Another point which, if not protected and exposed to repeated blows, can cause a boxer to lose a match. This is what happened to Kraisamut Chanthoraphit, when kicks to the hollow of the knee by Thanee Phayaksophon caused him to collapse in the middle of the third round.
21. The Calf:
Frequent blows to the calf can cause it to cramp, a condition which is debilitating. Boxers should be sure that the calf is protected at all times.
22. The Achilles’ Heel:
The crippling effects of damage to this tendon are well known. Even if it is not damaged, a strong blow to it is very painful.
Besides the points listed above, there are many others. Every boxer or team leader should be familiar with the distribution of these spots on the body, as a through knowledge of them is an essential factor in mastering the art of Thai boxing.